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From Stalin'S 'Great Leap Forwards' To The 'Great Patriotic War' (1929-41)

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Chapter Summary

In the economic sphere, market institutions were strongly reduced by a 'great leap forwards' (Alec Nove's term) and replaced with 'planning', 'collectives' etc., in the political sphere, a centralisation took place which eliminated most remnants of democracy and pluralism. The history of the concept of 'state capitalism' dates back to well before the October Revolution. At the beginning of 1931, the oppositional Bolshevik Gavril Miasnikov completed a pamphlet about the character of Soviet society, which he published himself under the title The Current Deception. The attachment of the label 'state capitalist' to the Soviet Union was not substantively argued for by Miasnikov, Adler and Helmut Wagner. The Soviet Union, which showed rapid economic development despite Stalinist dictatorship, appeared in a clear positive contrast with this picture of general social decay.

Keywords: Bolshevik Gavril Miasnikov; great leap forwards; Helmut Wagner; October Revolution; Soviet Union; state capitalism



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