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Introduction - Law, history and society

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Chapter Summary

Legal discourse has generally refrained from narratology and narrative reporting techniques. Two narratives have become entrenched in the historical and legal research relating to the New Egyptian Code - the second-most important act of legislation after the Constitution since it was enacted in October 1949. The first described it as an eclectic, technical code bereft of legal or conceptual homogeneity. The second narrative argues that the New Code was not creative or innovative, but rather continued the legal tradition of its antecedents, the Mixed and the 'Ahlī, civil code without any substantive changes. In the complex act of constructing the New Code, Sanhūrī applied a legal theory known as 'Social Engineering', which argues that the function of the jurist resembles that of the engineer to establish a fictional structure meeting social needs and having the external appearance of a harmonious entity.

Keywords: 'Ahlī; New Egyptian Code; Sanhūrī



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