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3. Globalization, migration, and the challenges of development in Africa

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Chapter Summary

This chapter argues that, while globalization is a catalyst for international migration, its impact on Africa’s development remains polemical. Generally, discussions on the impact of international migration on African development feature two contrasting views. One view, which is gradually gaining currency, points to tangible benefits from migration in the form of migrant remittance, which recent World Bank reports identify as the second largest form of capital flow to developing countries after foreign direct investments (FDI). The chapter takes a different view and also argues that the adverse effects of international migration on Africa, in the form of brain drain the emigration of Africa’s trained professionals far outweighs the perceived advantages associated with migrant remittances. Consequently, in the aggregate, Africa’s development suffers under the weight of international migration. The chapter suggests the formulation of workable policies by the American Union (AU) to manage the brain drain.

Keywords: Africa; American Union (AU); foreign direct investments (FDI); globalization; international migration; migrant remittances; World Bank



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