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Chapter Summary

The decades-long heated brain-drain versus brain-gain debate that has been intense among scholars, government officials, and emigrants from the global South, while still highly charged even today, will likely become increasingly irrelevant. “Brain circulation” is distinguishable from the “brain gain,” as the latter was conceived during the debate from years past. Brain circulation has yet to take place among African transnationals as it has among some East and South Asians. Africa has a quarter of the world’s disease burden but less than 2% of the world’s health care professionals. Regression analysis of data on the size of diasporic populations in the United States and the level of foreign direct investment into their respective homelands, covering some 231 developing areas around the world, demonstrates an overall positive relationship: the larger the disapora, the larger the FDI in the homeland.

Keywords: Africa; brain circulation; brain gain; United States



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