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8. Brain drain and its impact on Ethiopia's higher learning institutions: Medical establishments and the military academies between 1970s and 2000

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Chapter Summary

Africa is beset with problems that range from natural calamities to civil wars and epidemics such as HIV-AIDS. Ironically, countries like Ethiopia, which badly need trained manpower, continued to lose highly skilled professionals, both military and civilian, to Western Europe and the United States (U.S.). One of the consequences of the outflow of highly educated Ethiopians is that today there are more Ethiopian professionals, including MDs, working in the U.S. than in Ethiopia. Among these professionals, highly trained military officers constituted the largest group. This chapter examines the causes and processes of migration of highly educated Ethiopians to the U.S. and its impact on higher education, both military and civilian, and health institutions in Ethiopia, a country with the least developed higher education establishments, even by African standards, and one of the worst HIV-AIDS affected areas in the world.

Keywords: Africa; Ethiopia; higher education; HIV-AIDS; migration; military officers; United States (U.S.)



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