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The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

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Chapter Summary

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (&t;the Convention,&t;) constituted several new international institutions of different kinds. Best known, perhaps, is the International Seabed Authority with its headquarters in Jamaica. The Tribunal enjoys close links with the United Nations, links which were strengthened in December 1996 when the General Assembly adopted a Resolution conferring the status of an observer on the Tribunal. The Tribunal is a standing body with a regular composition. In contrast to the International Court of Justice (ICJ), however, the Tribunal is not a court of general jurisdiction. The jurisdiction of the Tribunal is provided for principally in Part XV of the Convention. At present, the members of the Tribunal are completing work on the Rules of the Tribunal, taking as their basic document the draft Rules prepared by the Preparatory Commission.

Keywords: International Court of Justice (ICJ); International Seabed Authority; International Tribunal; Law of the Sea; Preparatory Commission; United Nations



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