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Theology of revolution versus theology of counter-revolution

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Chapter Summary

Theodicy was discovered to be the very core of the theologies of revolution as well as of the theologies of counter-revolution. The theology of counter-revolution won over the theology of revolution. Through the past 30 years in Dubrovnik, the discourse and actions of scholars have been driven by the same longing that had moved the Pastor Thomas Müntzer to become a leader of the farmer revolution on the basis of the Sermon on the Mount. The Dubrovnik Circle turned very often to the mystical, radical, and enthusiastic Müntzer to consider his biography, his theology of revolution, and his historical significance. Müntzer's theology of revolution had not only been dialectical but also materialistic. In the view of the critical theory of religion, a libertarian radicalism seems to link Müntzer's and the other Chiliasts with Marx and his followers.

Keywords: Chiliasts; critical theory of religion; Dubrovnik Circle; Marx; Pastor Thomas Müntzer; Sermon on the Mount; theology of counter-revolution; theology of revolution

10.1163/ej.9789004160149.i-496.115
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