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Spiritual culture: Transcendence of the fundamental problems of life

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Chapter Summary

The core question of this chapter is: do universal aspects of culture already exist or can they be developed? Could one discover a telos in the developments of culture? In the search for cultural commonality, the chapter discusses universal spiritual culture. In this regard it assumes that spirituality must be sought in those aspects of culture that contain holistic meaning and in instances of culture where human beings surmount states of mind and action that have only limited meaning for life as a whole, intellectually, emotionally, and morally. The chapter reviews some manifestations and signals of transcendence as pointed out by Thomas Luckmann and Peter L. Berger. It continues with a discussion on the physical and sociocultural conditions of living and the fundamental problems of life: ignorance, suffering, and evil. Finally, the chapter discusses the inherent mechanisms that make spiritual dimensions of life possible: symbolization and valuation.

Keywords: human life; Peter L. Berger; spiritual culture; Thomas Luckmann



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