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The use of morphological patterns in arabic grammars of Turkic

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Chapter Summary

The use of meaningful (mor)phonological patterns is very common in Arabic linguistic thinking. This chapter examines the way these patterns were used in Arabic grammars of Turkic, especially in the works of ʾAbū Hayyān al-Andalusī and Maḥmūd al-Kāšġarī. In Arabic linguistic thinking, the patterns are a convenient instrument for indicating which consonants in a word are basic and which are not. An additional motivation for lexicographical interests appears to have been bringing together words with the same or a similar pattern. This comes in handy for writing poetry. The two sources examined are Diwān Luġāt at-Turk and Kitāb al-'Idrāk li-Lisān al-Atrāk, and they hardly use Turkic meaningful consonants and suffixes in combination with the patterns, even though the authors are clearly aware of them. This appears to be a general feature of lexicographical works: the patterns seem to be applied more or less arbitrarily.

Keywords: Arabic grammars; morphological patterns; Turkic consonants; Turkic suffixes



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