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Masdar formation

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Chapter Summary

Arabic morphology includes a nominal form, traditionally called maṣdar, whose meaning and form is related to that of a verb. They argue that the peculiar syntactic properties of such structures follow from the way in which they are formed morphologically. Arabic maṣdar share the peculiar syntactic properties of other mixed categories, but Ackema and Neeleman's analysis does not provide any direct insight into the reason why this should be so. This chapter shows that nothing needs to be changed about Ackema and Neeleman's analysis if we adopt a prosodic model for Arabic morphology, along the lines of McCarthy and Prince. Ackema and Neeleman's theory on word formation can give a straightforward account of so-called mixed categories in languages where morphology is concatenative. The greatest obstacle to the application of Ackema and Neeleman's analysis to maṣdars: Linear Correspondence only applies within an autosegmental tier in phonology.

Keywords: Ackema's analysis; Arabic morphology; Linear Correspondence; maṣdar formation; Neeleman's analysis



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