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Inflection and government in arabic according to spanish missionary grammarians from Damascus (XVIIIth Century): Grammars at the crossroads of two systems

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Chapter Summary

Grammars of Hebrew written in Europe in the Renaissance by Christians could benefit from the Hebrew grammatical tradition. This chapter discusses Spanish grammars of Arabic vernacular and classical written by Franciscans in Damascus and completed, copied, or printed in Spain in the 18th century. It focuses on the grammars of Francisco Caballero and Juan de la Encarnacion (18th century) and Francisco Canes (1730-1795). All the Latin grammars analysed in the chapter are also listed in two footnotes by Lourido Diaz, but very little importance is given to the influence of these on the grammatical tradition of the Franciscans linked to Damascus. The following authors can be termed as possible sources of the two Franciscan grammarians of Damascene Arabic: Ibn Ājurrūm and al-Jurjānī as the main Eastern sources. Western sources mentioned by name are Erpenius, Golius, Agapito à Valle and Guadagnoli.

Keywords: Arabic terminology; Damascus; Hebrew grammatical tradition; Renaissance; Spanish missionary grammarians



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