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Classifying peoples: Ethnic politics in late Qing native-place textbooks and gazetteers

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Chapter Summary

In the first decade of the 20th century, the Qing government announced a series of school regulations as part of its reform program. The Qing government believed that through learning “from near to distant,” students would be able to see the connections between their own native-place and the nation, and their patriotic sentiments would be cultivated as a result. Consequently, a considerable number of native-place textbooks and native-place gazetteers were published in a number of provinces from 1904 to 1911. Focusing on the Cantonese-Hakka conflicts manifested in the native-place textbooks and other relevant literature published in late Qing, this chapter examines how ethnic politics was expressed and manipulated in textbooks compiled and applied in a local context. It gives a brief account of the subject and looks into the focal issue, namely, ethnic politics expressed in textbooks.

Keywords: Cantonese-Hakka conflicts; ethnic politics; late Qing; native-place gazetteers; native-place textbooks; patriotic sentiments; school regulations



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