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The challenge of change: Centralizing reforms and their opponents

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Chapter Summary

During his second term in office, which lasted only three years, Majd al-Dῑn embarked on a plan to institute reforms in the Timurid fisc in order to curtail corruption and systematize and regularize the financial administration. He showed favour to the peasants and artisans by exempting them from the payment of administrative dues and other uncanonical taxes and thereby freeing them from the oppression of the tax collectors. Although Majd al-Dῑn achieved these objectives during his two terms in office, which altogether totalled ten years, his centralizing policies proved to be unacceptable to the Timurid elite, who interpreted them as a challenge to their political standing and their continued enjoyment of the economic benefits they derived from direct access to Sulṭān-Ḥusain and to the administrative organs of state.

Keywords: Majd al-Dῑn; reforms; Sulṭān-Ḥusain; Timurid elite



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