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A Timurid deed of endowment: The Vaqfiyya of Afaq Begim, wife of Sultan-Husain Bayqara, for her mausoleum in Herat

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Chapter Summary

The Timurid deed of endowment of Afaq Begim is an exceptionally fine example of the Perso-Islamic chancery tradition in the domain of vaqf. It is written in Persian in the juridical style characteristic of medieval deeds of endowment (vaqfiyya or vaqf-nāma), with frequent insertion of Arabic formulae and legal clauses. The document is in the form of a continuous scroll of cream-coloured Samarqand paper of very high quality. The notarized portion of the document is dated 29 Ṣafar 912/July 22, 1506, and signed by the chief judge of Herat. This chapter represents the original documents pertaining to pious endowments that relate specifically to the reign of Sulṭān-Ḥusain Bayqara.

Keywords: Afaq Begim; Herat; Sulṭān-Ḥusain Bayqara; Timurid; vaqfiyya



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