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Colonization And Its Effect On The Cultural Property Of Libya

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Chapter Summary

Numerous episodes of colonization characterize the history of the territory now included in the modern nation-state of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, from the establishment of Phoenician trading emporia early in the first millennium B.C.E. to the most recent period of Italian domination at the beginning of the 20th century. The first "archaeological" activity in Libya began in the 17th century when Claude Le Maire retrieved more than 600 columns of marble from Lepcis Magna between 1686 and 1708. After the Italian takeover of Libya, archaeological work focused almost exclusively on the remains of the Roman period, to the detriment of those of later periods. The Libyans face the challenge of viewing their ancient monuments and cultural property as part of their own history rather than as reminders and manifestations of their colonial past.

Keywords: archaeological work; colonization; cultural property; Libya



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