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Preservation Of Cultural Heritage: A Tool Of International Public Diplomacy

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Chapter Summary

The Cultural Heritage Center, which resides within the Bureau, supports the foreign affairs functions of the Department that relate to the protection and preservation of cultural heritage. The cultural property protection work of the Department is directed largely at implementing U.S. responsibilities under the aforementioned 1970 UNESCO Convention. Implementation of Article 9 of the 1970 UNESCO Convention, however, is most central to the United States' treaty obligations under the convention. The term restriction is the statutory language used in the Act. Lawmakers chose restriction over such terms as embargo or ban because restricted categories of objects actually are permitted to enter the United States if accompanied by an export certificate issued by the country of origin. It is difficult to measure the success of U.S. implementation of the 1970 UNESCO Convention through cultural property agreements entered into with those countries that have sought them.

Keywords: Article 9 implementation; cultural heritage; cultural property agreements; lawmakers; restriction; UNESCO Convention



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