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The khazars and the magyars

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Chapter Summary

This chapter is based on author's book Hungarians and Europe in the Early Middle Ages. The book focuses on the relationship of the Hungarians with the Turks, above all with the Khazars. The chapter concentrates on some of author's new results. The histories of the Hungarians and the Khazars are strongly interrelated. Hungarian is the most extensive source for the language of the Khazars and the Bulghars. There are two main candidates which could have served as the source language for the Old Turkic loanwords in Hungarian: Khazar and Onoghur-Bulghar. There are new results stemming from research on the language of the Avars who lived in the Carpathian Basin from 568 A.D. until the Conquest of the Magyars in 895. We have now new data on the language of the early Avars that indicate that they, or at least one group of them spoke an Oghuric language.

Keywords: Avars; Hungarian; Hungarians and Europe in the Early Middle Ages; Khazars; Magyars; Oghuric language; Onoghur-Bulghar; Turkic loanwords



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