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Chapter Summary

The impetus behind Martin Luther's interest in Islam and Ottoman culture was apologetical. The farther the Turks pushed into Hungary towards Germany the more he sensed a need to prepare Christians for contact with Muslims. Vom kriege widder die Turckenanalysed what Luther thought was basic Muslim ideology in relation to the three fundamental spheres of human existence. Vom kriege's critical evaluation of Islam was more than a critique, though, for it also served to inform Christians of the malignant nature of the Turkish Islamic threat. The Bible interpreted through the even more distinct and full disclosure of God in His Son Christ was, according to Luther, by far superior to the alleged revelation given to Muḥammad. Luther's ruminations over the plight of Christians enslaved in Turkey or other Muslim territories led him to an even more unique opinion on Christian missions.

Keywords: Islam; Martin Luther; Muḥammad; Ottoman culture; Turks; Vom kriege widder die Turcken



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