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Chapter Summary

The Ottoman assault upon Vienna in 1529 sent shockwaves throughout Germany. As is the case with nearly every other aspect of the Reformer's thought, there are quite a few scholarly surveys dealing with the theme of Martin Luther, the Turks, and Islam, but few have examined, specifically, his criticism of Muslim beliefs and arguments in favour of the Christian religion. Even those that have attempted to do so suggest he was not really concerned with the ideology of Islam, and thus failed to engage it theologically. While borrowing and adapting many arguments and criticisms from medieval authors, Luther provided a somewhat fresh approach to Islam, ranging from formal theological argumentation to practical advice for Christians living amidst Muslims.

Keywords: Christian religion; Germany; Islam; Martin Luther; Muslim beliefs; Ottoman; Turks



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