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Roman military in the Vesuvius area

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Chapter Summary

This chapter outlines the type and extent of the military presence in the Vesuvius-area, focussing especially on Herculaneum and Pompeii. On the basis of material from the cities in the Vesuvius area, the chapter compares and contrasts archaeological and historical evidence in order to assess the role of the military in a primarily civilian region of the Roman Empire. There is a significant amount of evidence, both epigraphical and iconographical, that attests the presence of regular military personnel in the Vesuvian cities. Apart from regular bases and forts, the best way to identify soldiers archaeologically is through their equipment, and especially through their weapons and armour. A general outline of the types of artefacts recovered during excavations allows a first insight in the presence of military forces in the Vesuvian cities.

Keywords: Herculaneum; military presence; Roman Empire; Vesuvius-area



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