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The impact of the roman army in the province of Judaea/Syria Palaestina

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Chapter Summary

The impact of empire may include such matters as culture, language, religion, the imperial cult and law. The army was always involved in the transmission of all of these. However, in the case of the province of Judaea/Syria Palaestina, we should stress first and above all the antagonism, the disastrous clashes; all other forms of intercourse pale against the crude fact of the suppression twice, within the span of 70 years, of two major national and religious revolts, two great catastrophes which changed the history of this province, indeed the entire course of Jewish history. It is precisely the benefits which the empire offered its subjects that the Jews seem to have remained at best indifferent to and at worst rejected out of hand. Full participation in reaping the benefits of empire held no attraction for them. This is surely the root cause of Jewish-Roman antagonism.

Keywords: disastrous clashes; Jewish history; Jewish-Roman antagonism; Judaea/Syria Palaestina; Roman army



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