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The impact of the imposition of roman rule on northern Syria

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Chapter Summary

Under the Julio-Claudians Roman government was largely indirect. Large areas were ruled by client kings, or petty chieftains. The reconstruction of the social and economic development of Syria under Roman rule has so far largely depended on inscriptions, which are abundant, and an unusually high proportion of which is dated. The inscriptions of Northern Syria have been collected in IGLS. We are therefore in a position to date and map changes in the population of the North Syrian countryside, at least as far as these are reflected in epigraphic commemoration. Under Roman rule intensification resumed. There was a major demographic expansion into the steppe lands as direct result of the incorporation of the area in the Roman system. The development can be mapped from the third century. Diocletian's reorganisation of the defence structure of Northern Syria greatly accelerated it. Hellenisation expanded enormously under the Romans.

Keywords: Julio-Claudians; Northern Syria; Roman rule



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