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Playing the Pythagorean: Ion's Triagmos

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines Ion's status as a philosopher by bringing into play all the evidence and providing a context. It focuses on the work with the intriguing and puzzling title Triagmos, printed in Diels and Kranz's Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker. After looking at the evidence more closely, the chapter explores the Pythagorean connection by discussing what we know about early Pythagoreanism. Next, on the basis of the fragmentary evidence, it considers the extent to which Ion can be linked to Pythagoras or his followers. The chapter concentrates on two questions in a deliberately discursive treatment of the fragmentary evidence: (i) What is Ion's connection with philosophy, in particular Pythagoreanism? (ii) What can we say about the work Triagmos? Both these questions draw us towards other relevant issues, and, collectively, they are of some help in clarifying Ion's contribution to philosophy.

Keywords: Ion; philosophy; Pythagoreanism; Triagmos



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