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Essay 2: Aristotle's theories of memory and recollection in the latin west

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Chapter Summary

In philosophy Aristotle was the dominating authority from the 12th to the 16th century. However, from approximately the second half of the 14th century, renaissance Humanism arose, and it grew stronger during the 15th century. On this sketchy interpretation of the development of Aristotelianism, it seems natural to focus attention on Aristotle's reception in the Latin West. This chapter studies more carefully the commentaries and thoughts of some of the most prominent and/or influential thinkers of the period. When Aristotle's theories of memory and recollection became available to the Latin schoolmen in the 12th century, they had to compete with more fully developed and more readily understandable Arabic theories (also translated into Latin in the 12th century), with the earlier Latin tradition, represented in particular by Augustine, and with common Latin usage of the term memoria.

Keywords: Aristotle; Latin West; theory of memory; theory of recollection



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