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The late republican west: Imperial taxation in the making?

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Chapter Summary

The acquisition of the Roman world in the West had begun long before the Civil Wars (49-31 B.C.). With a few exceptions, the new territories were not taxed on a regular basis. Since the Roman expansion throughout Italy, and until the Republic was definitively over, war and conquest managed to sustain the state finances. Hence, in order to pay for their campaigns against each other, the Late Republican dynasts were eager to confiscate the properties of defeated political rivals, milk the state treasury, and resume the collection of abolished taxes in Italy and Rome. In the early decades of the Principate Velleius reported his intention "to give a brief synopsis of the races and nations which were reduced to provinces and made tributary to Rome". This chapter wants to study this long-term phenomenon focusing on Sicilia and Hispaniae down to the end of the Republican regime.

Keywords: Civil Wars; Hispaniae; Italy; Late Republican dynasts; Principate Velleius; Republican regime; Roman world; Sicilia



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