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The genesis of the iranians

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Chapter Summary

This chapter emphasizes that the Andronovo and Timber-grave cultures were affiliated and their development was parallel. The Timber-grave culture is better studied than any other East European culture of the Eneolithic and Bronze Age. The first stage of the Timber-grave culture, known as the Pokrovskiy stage, reflected the continuing synthesis of the Poltavka and Abashevo components. In a series of sites there are no Abashevo features, an absence also characteristic of the Berezhnovka type of the steppe part of the Lower Volga region where the traditions of Poltavka prevailed. The second period was characterized by standardization of burial rite and ceramics that lost Poltavka and Abashevo traits. The ecological and economic crisis in the steppes at the end of the Timber-grave culture was the cause of a mass migration of its population c. 1400 and especially c. 1200 BC to Iran.

Keywords: Abashevo traits; Andronovo cultures; Bronze Age; East European culture; Iranians; Poltavka traditions; Timber-grave cultures



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