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Chapter Summary

The majority of Russian archaeologists and linguists accept that the sites of the Sintashta type reflect the formation of the Indo-Iranian group of cultures whose origins lie in the earlier Pit-grave culture. Proto-Indo-Iranian became an independent language during the period of the end of the 3rd and the beginning of the 2nd millennia BC. The base of the civilization in Central Asia, Afghanistan, Iran and India was established in remote antiquity as a result of peaceful work and interaction of different peoples that created the new culture as a result of the interaction and achievements of old and young ethnic groups that formed the nation of their country. In the light of the existing evidence the identification of the ancient Indo-Iranians with the creators of the pastoral cultures of Andronovo and Timber-grave who then migrated from the steppes to India and Iran, appear to be most firmly corroborated.

Keywords: Afghanistan; central Asia; India; Indo-Iranian group; Iran; pastoral cultures; pit-grave culture



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