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Settlements and domestic architecture

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Chapter Summary

The study of domestic architecture is of interest not only for economic reconstruction but also for investigating archaeological cultures and establishing their ethnic background. The fortification and layout of the settlements were deliberately planned in advance, taking into account the natural relief. Andronovo settlements are divided into two types according to area: small settlements and large settlements. As a rule Andronovo settlements are of regular construction, houses are oriented similarly and they are situated parallel to each other, taking into account the topographic conditions. There are three types of settlement plans: Type I settlements find their houses situated in a single line along the river; Type II settlements have houses that are built along the river in two parallel rows; and Type III settlements date to the Final Bronze Age and are found in central and northern Kazakhstan.

Keywords: Andronovo settlements; domestic architecture; final bronze age; Kazakhstan



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