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Chapter Summary

Wheeled transport was widespread among the Andronovans. It is attested by clay wheel models, chariot remains, bone cheek-pieces, both complete skeletons and the bones of draught animals, and also the images of vehicles and chariots on the petroglyphs of Kazakhstan and Central Asia as well as on an Andronovo vessel. Two types of vehicles are known: heavy carts with solid disc wheels and light single-axle chariots with spoked wheels. The importance of the chariot for the Andronovans is indicated by numerous images on petroglyphs at Sary-Arka, Moinkumy, in Dzhambul city, Balkhash, etc. The Andronovans employed cheek-pieces of horn and bone to harness horses to their vehicles. These can be divided into three classes, shieldlike, grooved and rodlike. Among the horse-gear of the late Andronovo period, one should mention a bone frontlet from house 4 at the settlement of Atasu, found in a complex as applied-roller pottery and a cheek-piece.

Keywords: Andronovo transport; Andronovo vessel; central Asia; Kazakhstan



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