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Chapter Summary

The economy of the Andronovo culture was based on mixed farming and stockbreeding with different emphasis on the various components according to chronology and region. The main indirect evidence of farming is the topography of the Andronovo settlements, the majority of which are situated on fertile grounds in the flood-plains of rivers. Harvesting tools appeared in the Andronovo culture from its formation and shared a common genesis with tools from Eastern Europe, Abashevo and Timber-grave, and developed along similar lines over the whole Eurasian steppe. The formation of the economic-cultural type and the evolution of the economy of the steppe tribes were to a large extent defined by the natural and climatic conditions of the steppes and their periodic changes. The Andronovans were the first among the steppe tribes of Eurasia who mastered the vertical type of nomadism, where herds are driven away to rich mountain pastures in the spring.

Keywords: Abashevo; Andronovo economy; Eurasian steppe; Harvesting tools; nomadism



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