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The ethnogenesis of the indo-iranians and the ethnic attribution of the Andronovo culture

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Chapter Summary

This chapter compares the material culture of the ancestral Indo-Iranians as reconstructed from the evidence of language and written testimony with the economic and cultural types of the Old World. Already in the 19th century the analysis of the vocabulary of the Indo-Iranian languages, primarily the vocabulary of the oldest written sources that preserve Indo-Iranian tradition, the Avesta and the Vedas, established that the Indo-Iranians lived in the vast steppe with large deep rivers and they had a mixed economy with stock-breeding predominant. Indo-Iranian gods are asked to grant rich livestock, especially horses, to protect cattle, to water the pastures and thus it leaves no doubt that cattle-breeding dominated the economy of the Indo-Iranians. The analysis of the Indo-Iranian type of economy and culture firmly places their culture in the central Eurasian zone, most closely related to the pastoral cultures of the Eurasian steppes: the Timber-grave and mainly Andronovo.

Keywords: Andronovo culture; central Eurasian zone; Indo-Iranians



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