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Indo-iranian contacts with other linguistic groups

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Chapter Summary

The study of contacts between peoples belonging to different language families is important not only for the reconstruction of ancient cultural relations but also for elucidating the homeland of the ethnic groups in contact. The methodology requires comparative analysis of three different sources: linguistic, archaeological and mythological. The hypothesis of the relationship between the Hungarians and the Ob-Ugrians and their Siberian homeland was suggested in the 15th century. This chapter focuses on the Andronovoid cultures as representatives of the Ugrians, and the boundary between the forest and steppe zones was the area of their contact with one another. The correlation of evidence on the ethnic formation of two different language families strengthens both independent hypotheses about the natural habitats of their locations. Scholars have stressed the special importance of areal isogloses and mythologemes between the Indo-Iranian and Greek worlds.

Keywords: Andronovoid cultures; archaeological sites; Greek worlds; Hungarians; Indo-Iranian contacts; linguistic material; mythological data; Ob-Ugrians; Siberian



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