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The agricultural tribes of south central Asia in the 2nd millennium BC

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Chapter Summary

The culture of Central Asia is still divided into the south and north. In southern Turkmenia the 2nd millennium BC belongs to the Namazga VI stage. The culture is genetically related to the preceding Namazga V culture. Its traditions are preserved in the architecture of the fortified settlements with blocks of multi-room houses and in the manufacture of unornamented wheel-made ceramics, fired in two-tiered kilns, in the types of decoration and in metal objects. In the 2nd millennium BC the center of the farming culture shifts eastwards. As early as the Namazga V and, possibly, even the Namazga IV period, a new seat of the ancient Near Eastern civilization forms in the delta of the Murgab river and in northern Afghanistan and south-east of Central Asia downstream of the Oxus river: the Oxus culture or the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC).

Keywords: Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC); eastern civilization; farming culture; Murgab river; Namazga; northern Afganistan; Oxus river; south central Asia; Turkmenia



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