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The occupation of central Asia

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Chapter Summary

Those who support an Indo-Iranian attribution to the Andronovo culture have provided evidence of the migration of steppe tribes to the south into Central Asia and Afghanistan in the second half of the 2nd millennium BC. The discovery of the Tugai settlement verifies the early wave of Andronovo migrations. The site of Tugai makes it possible for the first time to synchronize the pastoral early Andronovo culture with the settled farming culture of Sarazm which had contacts with western Asia, especially Baluchistan and the Indus valley. The second stage of Andronovo migration comprises the 15th-13th centuries BC. The synthesis of different cultural components led to the unification of culture during the Petrovka stage. The large depositions of sacrificed horses and other animals and wealth disappear, burial rites become simpler and there is a standardization of metal and ceramic technology and ornament.

Keywords: Afghanistan; Andronovo culture; Baluchistan; central Asia; Indo-Iranian; Indus valley; pastoral tribes; Petrovka stage; steppe tribes; Tugai settlement



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