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Classification of sites and the primary features of Andronovo unity

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Chapter Summary

Taking into account the classification of East European and Siberian cultures, the burial rite was deemed the feature for the purposes of cultural and ethno-historical reconstruction. The following features were recorded: type of surface construction; type of grave pit and evidence of recutting; orientation; cremation and posture of the deceased; other ritual features; grave goods; animal sacrifice; and funeral feast. The analysis of the technology of hand-made pottery was based on closed complexes of burials over the entire Andronovo area. These were classified within a single system, then the burial rite and ceramics were correlated, and then those sites with an assortment of features were united into types. The major site types presented in the analysis of metal objects comprise the Sintashta, Petrovka, Alakul', Fedorovo, Timber-grave and Andronovo sites which were found around Magnitogorsk, the southern Urals and in Central Asia.

Keywords: Alakul'; Andronovo; burial rite; East European cultures; Fedorovo; hand-made pottery; Petrovka; Siberian cultures; Sintashta; Timber-grave rite



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