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Cultures of northern Bactria in the late Bronze Age

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Chapter Summary

Northern Bactria provides an opportunity to trace the southward migrational process of the Andronovo population and its assimilation with the locals. For the understanding of the ethno-cultural processes in northern Bactria in the Late Bronze Age of importance are the materials of the Dzharkutan settlement. They indicate that the northern migrants, Andronovans, not only preserved their language and beliefs but also disseminated their ideology among the aboriginal population. This is the way to explain the appearance in the sanctum sanctorum: the temple, cult vessels, and the Andronovo cult ornaments. Along with this type of migration, there existed other models of ethno-cultural interaction. These models are represented in the materials of southern Tadzhikistan. In Tadzhikistan small settlements are situated on mountain slopes. The houses are located on the terraces: type I a house measuring 18 x 6.7 m; type II smaller constructions and type III houses were proto-yurts faced with stone.

Keywords: Andronovo population; Dzharkutan settlement; late bronze age; Northern Bactria; southern Tadzhikistan



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