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The genesis of the indo-aryans

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Chapter Summary

Groups of the Indo-Iranian family are: Indo-Aryans; Iranians, including the eastern branch comprising Scythians, Bactrians and others, and the western branch comprising Medes, Persians, and Parthians; and Dards and Nuristani. The period of Indo-Iranian unity in the homeland is synchronous with the spread of the chariot, i.e., the first quarter of the 2nd millennium BC. During the 2nd and the beginning of the 1st millennium BC a sequence of migration waves can be traced in Central Asia and north Afghanistan. It was a gradual advance to the south of separate groups of the steppe population. In north Bactria three cultures emerged: the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC), Andronovo, and Bishkent. The role of Andronovan ceramics increases in sites in north Bactria and the percentage of horse reaches 19%. It seems that the synthesis with the neighboring Andronovan population was friendly.

Keywords: Andronovo; bactria-margiana archaeological complex (BMAC); Bishkent; central Asia; Dards; Indo-Aryans; north Afghanistan; Nuristani



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