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The monopartite proverbs

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Chapter Summary

Demotic and Greek monopartite proverbs consist of one independent clause. Most of the demotic proverbs employ constructions associated with what has been called "the omnipresent" tense. The adverbials can indicate time, place, and direction, as well as various types of logical relationship between persons, things, actions, and so on, such as comparison, purpose, or causality. In demotic, word order is more fixed than in Greek. Greek monopartite proverbs, employ a wide range of constructions, most of which are in the present tense or are associated with the proverbs' omnipresent tense, in addition to a smaller number of examples in the future and the past tenses. In contrast to demotic, the category of adverbials in Greek contains, in general, a much greater variety of words and phrases, including adverbs and prepositional phrases. Finally, conjunctions are more abundant in the Greek material, since, in demotic, words or phrases are usually linked paratactically.

Keywords: adverbials; conjunctions; demotic monopartite proverbs; Greek monopartite proverbs; independent clause; prepositional phrases



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