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Victory and Humiliation

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Chapter Summary

What had changed between the mutineers' first offer and their second was that the rebellion in Africa ended and Carthage's victory was mainly due to Hamilcar, the Romans' most determined antagonist in Sicily down to 241. Conceivably, some Roman leaders even perhaps suspected that Spain was not truly Hamilcar's main goal, but only a cover for just such a revanche. The Romans probably felt fairly confident they would not have to fight. Their contacts with North Africa throughout the war had kept them broadly up to date with conditions at Carthage itself and in the countryside of Libya. Although the Carthaginians 'yielded to circumstances', as Polybius puts it, their humiliation over Sardinia left them bitter and resentful, all the more because it followed so swiftly on their own arduous victory.

Keywords: Carthage's victory; Hamilcar; Libya; North Africa; Polybius; Romans; Sardinia; Sicily



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