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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides concluding remarks for this book. The maraboutic discipline reproduces docile subjects who display the most abject forms of submission in front of power symbols. They are drilled into kissing heads and hands, bowing or prostrating themselves on the ground in submission to the saint, and murmuring their wishes in silence. At the maraboutic institution, jinn eviction is the most common means of behaviour control. The Buffis are believed to control jnun and as a consequence possessed people. Maraboutism, as it is observed at Ben Yeffu, seems to be an historical constant in Morocco. It celebrates the intercession between man and God, venerates saints, and promotes the belief in baraka and contact of jnun with humans. It responds to Moroccans' cultural specificity, and converts the Average Moroccan to a popular form of Islam based on down-to-earth religious symbols that have always existed in his society.

Keywords: Average Moroccan; baraka; Ben Yeffu; Buffis; jinn eviction; Maraboutism



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