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Local Histories: Sharifianism And Power

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the history of saint Ben Yeffu from the scattered stories and scarce documents collected at the shrine of Ben Yeffu. It provides a succinct historical account of the maraboutic movement in Morocco. The chapter discusses the problems of saint Ben Yeffu's lineage, and analyzes the founding legends of his sainthood. There is the zawiya as maraboutic state. This is an expanding religious lodge that thrives and becomes more powerful to the extent that it exercises control on neighboring tribes. The widespread belief in sharifianism and the holy war against Christians, Portugal, Spain and France, all contributed to the boost of maraboutic institutions. History reveals that the sultanic institution has been offering saints donations and decrees of honour and respect to help them maintain the infrastructure of their maraboutic institutions. The chapter also discusses various aspects of the organization of the shrine and shrine income.

Keywords: Ben Yeffu; Ben Yeffu's lineage; maraboutic institutions; sharifianism; shrine organization



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