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Chapter Summary

This introductory chapter of the book Kartwelisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch presents an overview of a Kartvelian language. The Kartvelian language is a family of related languages that extends over wide parts of central and western Caucasus and Transcaucasia. The Kartvelian language family includes the languages Georgian, Mingrelian, Laz and Svan. Mingrelian and Laz can be partially interpreted as dialects of a language in the literature. The Georgian language is the state language on the territory of the Republic of Georgia. Laz and Mingrelian are considered as independent languages. The chapter deals with basic questions of the structure of the Georgian language and the other Kartvelian languages. It presents a brief overview on the Georgian vocabulary and the vocabulary of the Georgian related languages. In the Fifties of the 20th century, a new era began in the Kartvelian linguistics. The original text of the chapter is in German.

Keywords: Georgian language; Kartvelian language; Laz; Mingrelian; Svan



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