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The Diaspora

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Chapter Summary

This chapter gathers the primary source material on the early synagogues up through the Second Century C. E. Each entry contains bibliographic citations and interpretative comments. In Luke, God-fearers are separate from the proselytes. They visit the synagogues on the Sabbath, take part in Jewish prayers, practise some of the laws of the Torah, and make charitable gifts to the Jews. Luke has his own interests in these God-fearers as the first Gentiles who hear Paul's message about God's salvation together with Jews. Although Luke offers his picture of the God-fearers, this picture "has its equivalence in the social and religious world of Luke and his readers" (Koch). "The status enjoyed by many Diaspora communities may have been due, at least in part, to the presence and support of many pagan sympathizers" (Levine).

Keywords: Diaspora communities; early synagogues; God-fearers; Jews; Luke

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