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Chapter Summary

This section presents the list of names, terms and concepts of the ancient synagogue. Ancient synagogues, the institutional matrixes in which two world religions were born, have been discussed and debated by scholars of Early Judaism and Christianity since modern historical research entered the world of academics around the 16th century. The Enlightenment, however, did not mark the beginning of learned interest in the early synagogue. As is evident in the works of Philo and Josephus, ideas and assumptions about the origin and nature of these institutions flourished already in the first century C.E. The descriptions of, and references to "the synagogue" and its activities comment on Judaism as a religious or ethnic tradition rather than inform the reader about institutional realities in any given century.

Keywords: ancient synagogue; early Christianity; early Judaism; Enlightenment; Josephus; Philo



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