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The Place Of The Torah In The Early Enoch Literature

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Chapter Summary

Generally, the Astronomical Book stands far apart from the Torah; save the fact that Gen 1:14-16 is dealing also, though in a different manner, with the "lights of heaven" (1 En 72:1). Much more fruitful is a comparison of 1 Enoch 6-36 and the Torah, especially Gen 1-11. Aramaic Levi is a document that assumes an anti-Zadokite stance by endorsing "a pre- Zadokite ideal priesthood", and there are strong reasons to suppose that early Enochic literature was similarly produced under the influence of "a nonconformist priestly tradition". The interest Enoch suddenly develops in the Mosaic Torah and in the biblical reports about the history of Israel coincides temporally more or less with the persecution under Antiochus the largest crisis Judaism experienced between the destruction of the first Temple in 586 BCE and of the second Temple in 70 CE.

Keywords: 1 Enoch; Astronomical Book; Enochic literature; Judaism; Mosaic Torah



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