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Measuring Time Among The Jews: The Zadokite Priesthood, Enochism, And The Lay Tendencies Of The Maccabean Period

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Chapter Summary

This chapter aims to search for the origins of the Jewish calendars and to evaluate the significance of changes in relation to structures of thought. The perfect harmony of the world is brought about through the liturgy distributed over 364 days. Enochism maintained the original values of the calendar, but it found them in a different philosophy. The author believes that the book of Jubilees should be dated to the same period that saw the origins of the Book of Dream Visions and Daniel, a time of great tension within Israel. This was the period following the end of the legitimate priesthood with Onias III. In this period a power struggle had been unleashed in Israel for the position of high priest. The author emphasizes that the author of the book of Jubilees considered the lunar-solar calendar a recent pagan introduction.

Keywords: book of Jubilees; Enochism; Israel; Jewish calendars; Maccabean period; philosophy; Zadokite priesthood



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