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The Astral Laws As The Basis Of Time, Universal History, And The Eschatological Turn In The Astronomical Book And The Animal Apocalypse Of 1 Enoch

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Chapter Summary

The Astronomical Book, or Book of the Luminaries (1 En 72-82), is probably the oldest of all the writings preserved under the name Enoch. 1 Enoch is commonly called an apocalypse and the content of this literary genre is connected with eschatological subjects. However, the Astronomical Book is not concerned with an eschatological goal. But it acquired a corresponding frame as soon as it was incorporated into a larger Enochic corpus. In the Animal Apocalypse the view of humankind and the world is a rather pessimistic one. The times of the sheep Israel are depicted as the backbone of all world history. The ultimate goal in the Animal Apocalypse is a universalistic one. The end of history will be a renewed creation with eternal happiness.

Keywords: 1 Enoch; Animal Apocalypse; Astronomical Book; eschatological goal



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