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Wisdom And Counter-Wisdom In 4qinstruction, Mysteries And 1 Enoch

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Chapter Summary

At present, it is universally acknowledged that there are significant parallels between the sapiential text 4QInstruction and the early apocalyptic Enoch literature. Elgvin initially suggested that "4QInstruction draws upon the Enoch tradition", but a direct dependence between both texts and corpora has been questioned from different perspectives. This chapter departs from the assumption that both the early Enoch literature and 4QInstruction and Mysteries might well originate in the early part of the second c. BCE, without one of them ostensibly being earlier than the other. Moreover, in view of the recent deconstruction of the categories "wisdom" and "apocalyptic" as general descriptive terms of literature or modes of thinking, the chapter focuses on specific formal elements related to "wisdom" in the early Enoch literature, 4QInstruction, and other sapiential texts. It presents some sections from 4QInstruction, and then turns to other texts including the early Enoch literature.

Keywords: 1 Enoch; 4QInstruction; apocalyptic Enoch literature; sapiential text; wisdom



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