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The Book Of Enoch Or Books Of Enoch? The Textual Evidence For 1 Enoch

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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows that the Aramaic text of the Book of Enoch known from the Dead Sea fragments, the Greek translation, and the Ethiopic version cannot simply be equated, but represent different stages in the development of a text that underwent an extended process of evolution. This process of evolution is reflected already in the Aramaic Dead Sea manuscripts, and indeed it may be asked whether the title "the Book of Enoch" can properly be applied at the Aramaic stage to the writings that eventually formed the Enochic corpus. The Book of Enoch remains one of the most important sources we possess for our knowledge of Judaism in the late Second Temple period, but in discussing its significance for the Judaism of this period it is important that we keep in mind the precise textual status, and time of origin, of the passages on which we rely.

Keywords: Book of Enoch; Dead Sea fragments; Ethiopic version; Greek translation; Judaism; textual evidence

10.1163/ej.9789004161542.i-368.8
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004161542.i-368.8
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