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"Enochic Judaism" And The Sect Of The Dead Sea Scrolls

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Chapter Summary

In recent years, Gabriele Boccaccini has staked out a distinctive position on this issue, arguing that "Enochic Judaism is the modern name for the mainstream body of the Essene party, from which the Qumran community parted as a radical, dissident, and marginal offspring". This radical proposal is based on several assumptions about the Essenes and "the Qumran community" that have taken hold in the course of the history of research. At an early point in research on the scrolls, a consensus developed that the sect described in the Dead Sea Scrolls had its origin in the Hasidim who are mentioned in the books of Maccabees. This chapter suggests, however, that it is far too simple to equate Enochic Judaism with the "parent-community" of the Damascus Document, and that there is no basis for identifying it with the Essenes.

Keywords: books of Maccabees; Dead Sea Scrolls; Enochic Judaism; Essene movement; Hasidim; Qumran community



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